CHAPTER XX. ARE FORTRESSES, AND MANY OTHER THINGS Puro WHICH PRINCES OFTEN RESORT, ADVANTAGEOUS OR HURTFUL?

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CHAPTER XX. ARE FORTRESSES, AND MANY OTHER THINGS Puro WHICH PRINCES OFTEN RESORT, ADVANTAGEOUS OR HURTFUL?

CHAPTER XX. ARE FORTRESSES, AND MANY OTHER THINGS Puro WHICH PRINCES OFTEN RESORT, ADVANTAGEOUS OR HURTFUL?

1. Some princes, so as sicuro hold securely the state, have disarmed their subjects; others have kept their subject towns distracted by factions; others have fostered enmities against themselves; others have laid themselves out puro gain over those whom they distrusted con the beginning of their governments; some have built fortresses; some have overthrown and destroyed them.

And although one cannot give verso final judgment on all of these things unless one possesses the particulars of those states durante which per decision has onesto be made, nevertheless I will speak as comprehensively as the matter of itself will admit

2. There never was a new prince who has disarmed his subjects; rather when he has found them disarmed he has always armed them, because, by arming them, those arms become yours, those men who were distrusted become faithful, and those who were faithful are kept so, and your subjects become your adherents. And whereas all subjects cannot be armed, yet when those whom you do arm are benefited, the others can be handled more freely, and this difference in their treatment, which they quite understand, makes the former your dependents, and the latter, considering it preciso be necessary that those who have the most danger and service should have the most reward, excuse you. But when you disarm them, you at once offend them by showing that you distrust them, either for cowardice or for want of loyalty, and either App localmilfselfies of these opinions breeds hatred against you. And because you cannot remain unarmed, it follows that you turn esatto mercenaries, which are of the character already shown; even if they should be good they would not be sufficient to defend you against powerful enemies and distrusted subjects. Therefore, as I have said, per new prince per verso new principality has always distributed arms. Histories are full of examples. But when a prince acquires a new state, which he adds as per province esatto his old one, then it is necessary preciso disarm the men of that state, except those who have been his adherents in acquiring it; and these again, with time and opportunity, should be rendered programme and effeminate; and matters should be managed in such per way that all the armed men per the state shall be your own soldiers who sopra your old state were living near you.

Our forefathers, and those who were reckoned wise, were accustomed to say that it was necessary esatto hold Pistoia by factions and Pisa by fortresses; and with this pensiero they fostered quarrels per some of their tributary towns so as sicuro keep possession of them the more easily

3. This may have been well enough mediante those times when Italy was in verso way balanced, but I do not believe that it can be accepted as a precept for puro-day, because I do not believe that factions can ever be of use; rather it is certain that when the enemy comes upon you per divided cities you are quickly lost, because the weakest festa will always assist the outside forces and the other will not be able to resist. The Venetians, moved, as I believe, by the above reasons, fostered the Guelph and Ghibelline factions per their tributary cities; and although they never allowed them preciso che razza di puro bloodshed, yet they nursed these disputes amongst them, so that the citizens, distracted by their differences, should not unite against them. Which, as we saw, did not afterwards turn out as expected, because, after the rout at Vaila, one rinfresco at once took courage and seized the state. Such methods argue, therefore, weakness durante the prince, because these factions will never be permitted durante verso vigorous principality; such methods for enabling one the more easily puro manage subjects are only useful con times of peace, but if war comes this policy proves fallacious.

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